Friday, January 28, 2011

Facebook Privacy

Today, the new FB Privacy setting called "Instant Personalization" takes effect. The new setting shares your data with non-FB sites & it is automatically set to "Enabled". Go to Account>Privacy Settings>Apps & Websites>Instant Personalization>edit settings & uncheck "Enable". BTW, if your friends don't do this, they will be sharing info about you as well. Please copy & repost

Amtrak is hiring

Great jobs for young men who aren't in college and strong young women also! This is Obama money for "infrastructure" the jobs are located all over, paid training in Atlanta . This is an awesome opportunity, please pass this on. These jobs pay good wages.
Training: You will attend two or three weeks of training at the Railroad Education & Development Institute in Atlanta , GA. CSX will pay for travel, lodging and meals as required by collective bargaining agreement.
Track Worker-030702 Job Summary: Work as a member of a crew to install new railroad track, maintain existing track and right-of-way. Replace or repair track switches with specific components. Slide and align tie plates. Drill holes through rails for insertion of bolts and tighten or loosen bolts at joints that hold ends or rails together. Correct deviations in track surface, alignment and gauge
Cut rails to specific lengths etc.
Pay Rate Entry Rate $19.36/hour Full Rate $21.52/hour Promotional/ Advancement Opportunities:
Under Maintenance of Way Collective Bargaining Agreement, Track Workers may be considered for advancement
or promotion to other positions within the Engineering Department if qualified.
Machine Operator $23.25 - $24.81/hour
Welder Helper $21.93/hour
Bridge Tender $21.93/hour
Bridge Mechanic $22.65/hour
Foreman $22.71 - $25.53/hour
Track Inspector $23.98 - $25.14/hour
Qualifications: High School diploma/GED; 18 years of age or older; Valid Driver's License
At CSX, two of the company's core values are People Make The Difference and Safety Is A Way of Life. We are committed
to offering our team members the most competitive compensation and benefits package available, unlimited opportunities
for development and growth throughout an exciting and rewarding career, and the safest work environment possible.
CSX is an Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Employer that supports diversity in the workplace.
*Apply online to this and other positions:

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Use those coupon$

Wells Fargo boosted the financial sector to “overweight” from “market weight.” Matthew Burnell, senior analyst at Wells Fargo, cited superior earnings growth and lower event risk for the group.
“On a normalized basis, we expect EPS to grow about 20 to 25 percent for the group in 2011, which will be driven by loan growth that we expect will be positive for the first time in two years for the sector,” Burnell told CNBC.

In addition, Burnell said he sees two areas where valuations will increase.

“One is reduced headline risk for the sector and also more active capital deployment, which could add 2 to 3 percent to total returns,” he explained.

Burnell’s Bank Upgrade: Top Picks

Bank of America [BAC 14.969 0.279 (+1.9%) ]—"There’s 16 to 29 percent upside in this name from the close yesterday," noted Burnell.

PNC Financial [PNC 62.45 0.73 (+1.18%) ]

Comerica [CMA 41.90 0.72 (+1.75%) ]

JPMorgan Chase [JPM 44.89 1.29 (+2.96%) ]
Surprising Cities with Job Openings

The cities that will be hiring the most workers in 2011 aren’t necessarily among those with the most people, according to just-released data from the online career community and jobs resource CareerBliss.

“Outranking the city of Houston, Baltimore owes its growth to their heavy concentration of jobs in the health, science and technology industries,” says Heidi Golledge, co-founder and CEO of CareerBliss. “When looking for a new career opportunity in 2011, is vital to keep in mind not only the job and industry type, but location.”

The data reveals that Baltimore is not alone in besting larger cities for job growth; cities with either mid-size populations—under 500,000—or metro areas with populations under one million residents are well represented in the rankings. As a rule of thumb, cities employing the following top professions will be hiring: information technology, sales, engineering, marketing, healthcare, accounting, management, manufacturing, quality control, and health care. Click ahead to see ten such cities that will be hiring a lot this year.

Data presented here is provided by CareerBliss and is drawn from their annual job listings ranking.
Indian stocks have been sliding since the New Year amid inflation fears, but there are still places where investors can get in, said Ron Shah, managing partner at Jina Ventures.

Wholesale food prices are up 18 percent, and wholesale inflation rate is up over 8 percent, so these are alarming figures [that restrict] liquidity in the banking sector, so the government is taking ... sharp action,” Shah told CNBC. “We’re expecting a 1 percent interest rate hike this month.”

Shah said he expects companies such as Dr. Reddy's Laboratories [RDY 36.54 -0.31 (-0.84%) ] and Sterlite [SLT 15.96 0.45 (+2.9%) ] to see some downward movement, but he's bullish on the banking sector.

“There’s still some room to grow there,” he said. “HDFC Bank [HDB 155.675 7.075 (+4.76%) ] and ICIC Bank [IBN 46.98 1.80 (+3.98%) ] are good stocks.”

Shah added that Tata Motors [TTM 27.72 1.05 (+3.94%) ] is a “buy” and said the firm will have “phenomenal earnings.”

In addition, he said investors should keep an eye on the Indian rupee.

“The rupee has been weak because oil is expected to go up, and money’s flooding into the dollar.”

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

10 Steps to Get Out of Debt in 2011

Debt can destroy lives, families, marriages, relationships, business -- even countries. So this year my mission is to help one million people pay down a billion dollars in debt and start a new, debt-free life. Care to join me on this journey?

I've just written my twelfth book, Debt Free For Life; The Finish Rich Plan for Financial Freedom. What follows is a condensed version of what I believe are the 10 most important decisions you can make in 2011 to crush your debt and buy back your freedom.

Getting out of debt is much harder then getting in. You can help yourself by taking advantage of the free one-day download of Debt Free For Life on WalletPop, available for today only! The book is filled with powerful tips and techniques, and can be your guide to a debt-free life in 2011. Click here to download your copy.

Once you have my book, you'll have your guide for my 10-week counseling session on WalletPop, starting today.

Ready? Let's get going!

10 Steps to Get Out of Debt in 2011

1. Decide You Want to Get Out of Debt. It sounds obvious, but the truth is that all progress begins with making a real decision. If you have more debt than you want, you need to decide that enough is enough, and that it's time to be debt-free once and for all. Are you ready to decide? Make a public pledge right now by registering at and be entered to win $10,000, which would go a long way toward putting a dent in your debt this year.

2. DOLP Your Debt Away. DOLP stands for "done on last payment." Among other things, Debt Free For Life will teach you my DOLP method for getting rid of credit card debt. First you "stack your debt," then you "rack your debt," then you "hack your debt." That is, you see how much you owe and who you owe it to, then you figure out the order in which you should pay it off, and then you start making the minimum payment on every card except the one you've designated your number one priority debt. Once you've paid off that card, you focus on number two, and so on until every card is paid off. You can download my DOLP worksheet here.

3. Go Online and Go Automatic. In my opinion, one of the best online debt-reduction tools around today is Debt Wise, an offering of Equifax, the giant credit bureau. I love this tool so much, I'm endorsing it. What's great about Debt Wise is that it has taken my DOLP system and made it automatic. As a result, in literally seconds you can see how much debt you have, what order to pay it off in, and how long it will be until you are debt free. You can get a free trial of Debt Wise by clicking here. There are similar free tools available from other companies like Intuit's Mint site, which also has a lot to recommend it. But only Debt Wise automatically pulls your debt data from your credit file. With the others, you have to access all your various accounts manually.

4. Get a Better Rate. Some of you are paying as much as 29.99% in credit card interest -- even though you've never had a single late payment. Don't accept this. Go to websites like,, or to find out the rates your credit card company is offering new customers. Chances are you are paying up to 10% more than they are. Debt Free For Life contains a chapter about how you can use this information to renegotiate your card rates down or, failing that, get yourself a new card with a better rate.

5. Do the "Debt Math." If you make only minimum payments, it will take you more than 23 years to pay off a credit card balance of just $5,000. My suggestion is that you make at least DOUBLE the minimum payment on your number one priority debt. In this way, your debt could be all paid off within three to five years -- maybe sooner. Read your statements today -- the new Credit Card Act by law requires lenders to show the "debt math" of minimum payments.

6. Raise Your Credit Score. A low credit score will cause lenders to charge you a high interest rate, which makes getting out of debt even harder. For that reason, raising your credit score in 2011 is an important goal. Other than paying down debt, and paying your bills on time (every time), length of credit history, types of credit used and new credit -- the fastest way to raise your credit score is to make sure there aren't any mistakes on your credit record. By law, you are entitled to one free copy of your credit report every year from each of the "Big Three" credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion). Make sure to check your report for errors, and if you find any, go to the credit bureau's website and use their online tools to request a correction.

7. Accelerate Your Mortgage Payments. When I was a financial adviser, I noticed that all my clients who retired in their 50s had one thing in common: no mortgage. And they all did it the same way: They paid a little extra every month. If they couldn't afford the payments on a 15-year mortgage, they paid extra on their 30-year loan (either by adding 10% to their regular payment, making one extra payment a year, or switching to a "bi-weekly" payment plan). Make 2011 the year you adopt this extra-pay plan; it will get rid of your mortgage by as much as six years early, and save you thousands in interest.

8. Avoid debt consolidation loans or debt settlement offers. Every week I receive letters from people who paid $500 to $1,000 up front to "professional" debt counselors who promised to get rid of their debts. In most cases, they got little or nothing for their trouble. If you need help, stay away from the "for profit" debt-settlement agencies and instead look for "non-profit" credit counseling services. You can get referrals through the National Foundation for Credit Counseling or the Association of Independent Consumer Credit Counseling Agencies. Check out WalletPop's recent series on the many dangers of debt consolidation companies as well.

9. If You Don't Have the Cash, Don't Buy It. That's what my grandmother Rose used to say, and it's advice that still holds up. If you want to get out of debt, you have to change how you spend money and the best place to start is to not borrow money to buy stuff you don't absolutely have to have.

10. Make it a Family Affair. Go team! Make getting out of debt a family, friend or team project. One of the videos we'll be hosting in coming weeks here on WalletPop tells how a woman named Genevieve paid off more than $70,000 in debt by creating a support team to help her achieve her goal. Getting out of debt can be tough. Having friends and family cheer you on makes it easier and more fun. Go build a team for 2011 to get out of debt!

Saturday, January 1, 2011


Here is a list of some other companies to look for jobs, excuse the url formats didn't have time to reformat as a link. Hope this help those looking for a job.

Computer- various locations(PROPS TO RUKUS FOR THE INFO) software developer, consultant etc..

Employment agency from laborer, machinist, maintenance to Engineering, banking etc.
(mostly southern region) UK agency too.

Work from home call center job thru
you have to have your own land line phone (no cell, no voip) and cable modem

A&E tv channel careers

[B]IT COMPUTER JOBS [/B] props to [U]gcat10[/U]

IT computer jobs

jobs embassy worldwide

u.s. department of state

Teaching in new york for non teachers training

Media jobs[B][/B]


charter school jobs

Navy careers part-time etc.

NY NON Profit jobs

Virginia , MD areas and overseas Consultant, security, linguist, intelligence etc..various jobs


different locations/states mainly IT related jobs




RETAIL various positions

Satellite cable installations

[B]Physics and engineer jobs[/B]


Portland and d.c area administration, accounting, non profit

[B]Time warner cable [/B]various positions NY, California, Georgia etc..

[B]Whole foods[/B]

[B]international and united states non profit jobs, management, administration[/B],

[B][U]various positions from computer tech to social worker,retail,overseas etc...[/U][/B]
select your home state
jp morgan chase VARIOUS LOCATIONS

calvin klein
retail job, administrator,I.T, to entry level various position

retail , henri bendel, the body shop corporate to entry level positions

select your home state
job search different states

[B]jobs overseas[/B]

security, police

Federal aviation, inspector jobs, computer, engineer, analyst, etc.. various states

Airport security various states around the country

mostly tech computer related various locations|1

engineer various locations

those with security or military backgrounds and some IT Computer

AFRICA JOBS and some many IT computer
IT jobs Africa

retail pet store, entry and management, office warehouse

IT jobs, engineering jobs, finance jobs, science jobs, human resources jobs and more



foot locker


mostly tech computer related

Pitney Bowes - jobs mailroom to administrative office support|utmccn=(organic)|utmcmd=organic|utmctr=pitney%20bowes%20career&__utmv=-&__utmk=96320028

overseas jobs non profit technical computer to project management, safety officer type jobs various positions and countries
NON PROFIT world jobs


general mostly Engineer related overseas etc.

jc penney

Boston market hourly to corporate positions

Tiffany -hourly to corporate positions

Analyst, engineer , general etc..different states and overseas or

Technical and management support agency various locations

Aviation jobs, mechanic, installer, aero

general job search different states



Red Lobster
props to [COLOR="Red"][B]Philly Philly[/B][/COLOR] he posted more below this page 1`
[B][U][COLOR="Red"]every state[/COLOR][/U][/B] is represented look carefully

NORTH Carolina


Originally Posted by [B][COLOR="DarkRed"]phillyphilly [/COLOR][/B]
State Employment Sites:

[B]Update 6/20/2010[/B] can be used continuously because most of these sites regularly update their job search boards

Engineer related

non profit related jobs

Retail jobs



HOSPITAL IN TEXAS hiring hospital related jobs

Kraft Foods

hotel Marriott

different locations (states)maily in the south virgina, tx all kind of positions tech etc..administrative careers, tech jobs

U.S. Government jobs different states most people know about this site. Just apply and see what happens might take months so apply to many as possible.

National Park position

GAP retail corporate administrative positions and entry level few states like san francisco , ny chicago

coast guard

different states non profit and various

retail entry to high end administrative different states

job search portal different states

jobs worldwide

careers in africa

non profit jobs etc..

for young folks jobs training program and stipend

GOOGLE is hiring tech related etc. different locations including overseas

different states and countries various position


social services jobs, counseling, social worker, administrative, sometimes computer techs



hospital positons california

hospital positons. I did not check this one

go to google and search
[U]workforce dept of labor[/U] at your local unemployment insurance office.

social services, counseling,case managers, non profit jobs

Hospital jobs different states

online forex brokerage company computer realted based in El Segundu California

IBFX online brokerage company in UTAH tech related

walmart various positions corporate to entry level to trucking to overseas positions


this white dude post key information check his links on the right side of the page

ANALYST TYPE FINANCIAL POSITIONS$ja=p&source=PS:Google:trading%20careers

jobs in AFRICA

radio shack including corporate

KFC kentucky fried chicken corporate general manager positions

top 10 careers that's stable to have

free classses

also with senior population is growing [B]nurses aid[/B] careers are hiring check your local area for certificates and job requirement. please understand that you are working with the elderly so be kind patient and sensitive respect their property and it's not a glamorous job but lots of jobs an overtime.

[B]security guard[/B] position hire a lot too. just get your certificate easy to get the more certificate the hire the pay. 8hr, certificate, 16hour certificate, is like the minimum entry

[B][U]Air guard and national guard and airforce reserve[/U][/B]

[B][U][COLOR="Red"]urban entrepreneurs blogs[/COLOR][/U][/B][B][/B]
Peace corps


YouTube stars who made over $100,000

Provided by the Business Insider.

There are 10 independent YouTube stars who made over $100,000 in the past year, according to a study done by analytics and advertising company TubeMogul.

From July 2009 to July 2010, TubeMogul used their viewership data to estimate the annual income for independent YouTube partners, which they define as anyone who is not part of a media company or brand.

Here's how they got their estimates:

* Revenue only comes from banner ads served near content (we ignored pre-roll or overlay since we can't easily isolate by publisher).
* Since YouTube banner ads have a two-second load delay, we estimate 2.59% of viewers click away before an ad loads based on separate research.
* Ads were served near all videos that loaded (since there are partners, this is generally true).
* CPM for the banner ads was $1.50 (Google auctions a lot of this inventory off; we rounded this 2009 estimate down to be conservative).
* YouTube is splitting ad revenue with partners 50-50.

Basically, take their views from the past year, assume a few don't stick around long enough for an ad to load, divide that number by 1,000, multiply by $1.50 and divide that number in half.

Conservative estimates? Sure. But with that math, you get a pretty decent estimate of how much these YouTube celebrities are making from just the banner ads on their channel. So, without further ado, here are the highest earning YouTube stars!

1. Shane Dawson – $315,000

Shane Dawson is so popular that he is three different YouTube channels. His most popular channel consists of his comedy skits and music video parodies. Dawson created a second channel as a vlog and for a separate series called "Ask Shane," and his third channel only has videos taken from his iPhone.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 431,787,450

2. The Annoying Orange – $288,000

The Annoying Orange is a comedy web series that takes place in a kitchen and is about talking fruit. Dane Boedigheimer is the mastermind behind the series and is also the voice of Orange.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 349,753,047

3. Philip DeFranco – $181,000

Philip DeFranco uploads a new video onto YouTube every Monday to Thursday for his show – The Philip DeFranco Show. His video blogging topics range from politics to pop culture.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 248,735,032

4. Ryan Higa – $151,000

Ryan Higa makes comedy skits and is a video blogger who turned into a viral star with his "How to be Gangster" and "How to be Ninja" videos. Even though he doesn't upload as many videos as his fellow YouTube celebrities, Higa is still the top dog at YouTube with over 2.6 million subscribers.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 206,979,909

5. Fred – $146,000

Lucas Cruikshank plays "a lonely six year old named Fred" who uses his mom's video camera and posts videos on a YouTube channel. As the second most subscribed to YouTube channel, Lucas Cruikshank's immensely popular Fred character even has a movie coming out backed by Nickelodeon.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 200,656,150

6. Shay Carl – $140,000

As a radio DJ, Shay Carl started making comedy skits and put them on YouTube for the world to see. He claims to have held 20 different jobs before settling down with his DJ and YouTube gigs.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 192,309,247

7. Mediocre Films – $116,000

Greg Benson created Mediocre Films initially for a sketchy comedy TV series called "Skip TV." The show lasted for one season, and now Benson makes low budget comedy videos for the web.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 159,030,703

8. Smosh – $113,000

Smosh is the comedy duo of Ian Hecox and Anthony Padilla, and with over 1.7 million subscribers, they make up the 5th most popular channel on YouTube. They first shot to viral fame with their "Pokemon Theme Music Video" which became YouTube's most viewed video in Spring 2006. However, due to copyright reasons, the original video was removed from YouTube.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 154,936,876

9. The Young Turks – $112,000

The Young Turks is a political talk show that also airs on Sirius Satellite Radio. Founded and hosted by Cenk Uygur, The Young Turks talk show and their vast viewership has proven that the Internet can be a viable broadcast platform.
July 2009 - 2010 Views: 153,807,362

10. Natalie Tran– $101,000

Under the user name of communitychannel, Natalie Tran is the most subscribed to YouTube user in Australia. Like most others on this list, she is a video blogger and occasionally uploads comedy skits.

July 2009 - 2010 Views: 138,871,829

More @,^ixic,qqqq

Browser Security

Browser Security

One of the most basic ways to protect your computer from potentially harmful online content or malicious software is easy, fast and free. How? Just make sure your browser's security settings are set at the appropriate level.

But even if you use the highest security settings, you are only as safe as the actions you take online.

No matter which browser you use, always follow these top five security tips:

1. Delete spam messages without opening them or replying to them.
2. Use great caution when clicking on links sent to you in e-mail or text messages.
3. Do not open e-mail attachments unless you know the sender and you're expecting the attachment.
4. Create strong passwords. Use different passwords for your online banking accounts.
5. Make sure you use a firewall, as well as antivirus and antispyware software that is automatically updated.

What are the security settings on your browser? Here's how you can find out in Internet Explorer and Firefox.

How to check your Internet Explorer security settings:

1. Open Internet Explorer.
2. Click the Tools button and then click Internet Options.
3. Click the Security tab.

You will see four security zones:

• Internet: The level of security for the Internet zone is applied to all Web sites by default. The security level for this zone is set to medium-high, but you can change it to either medium or high. The only Web sites for which this security setting is not used are those in the Local Intranet zone, or sites that you specifically entered into the Trusted or Restricted Site zones.

• Local Intranet: The level of security for the Local Intranet zone is applied to Web sites and content that is stored on a corporate or business network. The security level for the Local Intranet zone is set to medium, but you can change it to any level.

• Trusted Sites: The level of security for Trusted Sites is applied to sites that you have specifically indicated to be ones that you trust not to damage your computer or information. The security level for Trusted Sites is set to medium, but you can change it to any level.

• Restricted Sites: The level of security for Restricted Sites is applied to sites that might potentially damage your computer or compromise your personal information. Adding sites to the Restricted zone does not block them, but it prevents them from using scripting or any active content. The security level for Restricted Sites is set to high and cannot be changed.

As you move around the Internet, IE automatically changes the security zone as needed and sets your security level for each Web site by default, ranging from low or medium-low for a corporate Intranet site, to high for a restricted site.

How to view or change the security settings on Internet Explorer 7/8:

In addition to these default security levels, you can customize individual security settings.
1. Open Internet Explorer.
2. Click the Tools button and then click Internet Options.
3. Click the Security tab.
4. Click the "Custom level..." button.
5. At the bottom of the pop-up box, you can reset the security setting to something higher or lower. Settings that are not at recommended levels will be highlighted in red.
6. If you modify your security settings and want to change them back to the default level, follow the above instructions through step 4. Then click on the "Reset all zones to default level" button.

How to view or change the security settings in Firefox 3x:

To make sure your security settings offer you the most protection, do the following:
1. Open Firefox.
2. Click on the Tools button and then click Options.
3. Click on the Security tab.

Step 1: Make sure the first three blocks are checked:

• Warn me when sites try to install add-ons.
Firefox will always ask you to confirm installations of add-ons. To prevent unrequested installation prompts that may lead to accidental installations, Firefox warns you when a Web site tries to install an add-on and blocks the installation prompt.

• Block reported attack sites.

Firefox will check whether the site you are visiting may be an attempt to interfere with normal computer functions or send personal data about you to unauthorized parties over the Internet.

• Block reported Web forgeries.

Firefox will actively check to determine whether the site you are visiting may be an attempt to mislead you into providing personal information, often referred to as "phishing."

Step 2: Passwords

Firefox saves your passwords by default, but if anyone else ever uses your computer, turn this feature off to protect your password security. To do this:
1. Open Firefox.
2. Click on the Tools button and then click Options.
3. Click on the Security tab.
4. Uncheck "Remember Passwords for Sites."

If you share your computer with others, you can set a Master Password in Firefox.

This allows you to keep secure the username and passwords of Web sites you visit so no one else but you can access this information. To set a Master Password:

1. Open Firefox.
2. Click on the Tools button and then click Options.
3. Click on the Security tab.
4. Click "Use a master password." You'll be prompted to enter a password. (You can also follow these steps to change your Master Password.) A password-quality meter will judge the security of the password you have chosen.

IMPORTANT: Make sure you remember your Master Password! Without it, even you will not be able to access any of the information it protects or change the password.

Step 3: Warning Messages
1. Open Firefox.
2. Click on the Tools button and then click Options.
3. Click on the Security tab.
4. Click the Settings button that appears to the right of "Choose which warning messages you want to see while browsing the web."
5. At minimum, make sure the box is checked for "I am about to view a page that uses low-grade encryption."

More @|main|dl9|link1|

How to break a laptop

This is how you break a laptop

Upset Man Breaks Laptop In HP Computer Store!

How to break a laptop


100 things that you did not know about Africa

1. The human race is of African origin. The oldest known skeletal remains of anatomically modern humans (or homo sapiens) were excavated at sites in East Africa. Human remains were discovered at Omo in Ethiopia that were dated at 195,000 years old, the oldest known in the world.

2. Skeletons of pre-humans have been found in Africa that date back between 4 and 5 million years. The oldest known ancestral type of humanity is thought to have been the australopithecus ramidus, who lived at least 4.4 million years ago.

3. Africans were the first to organise fishing expeditions 90,000 years ago. At Katanda, a region in northeastern Zaïre (now Congo), was recovered a finely wrought series of harpoon points, all elaborately polished and barbed. Also uncovered was a tool, equally well crafted, believed to be a dagger. The discoveries suggested the existence of an early aquatic or fishing based culture.

4. Africans were the first to engage in mining 43,000 years ago. In 1964 a hematite mine was found in Swaziland at Bomvu Ridge in the Ngwenya mountain range. Ultimately 300,000 artefacts were recovered including thousands of stone-made mining tools. Adrian Boshier, one of the archaeologists on the site, dated the mine to a staggering 43,200 years old.

5. Africans pioneered basic arithmetic 25,000 years ago. The Ishango bone is a tool handle with notches carved into it found in the Ishango region of Zaïre (now called Congo) near Lake Edward. The bone tool was originally thought to have been over 8,000 years old, but a more sensitive recent dating has given dates of 25,000 years old. On the tool are 3 rows of notches. Row 1 shows three notches carved next to six, four carved next to eight, ten carved next to two fives and finally a seven. The 3 and 6, 4 and 8, and 10 and 5, represent the process of doubling. Row 2 shows eleven notches carved next to twenty-one notches, and nineteen notches carved next to nine notches. This represents 10 + 1, 20 + 1, 20 - 1 and 10 - 1. Finally, Row 3 shows eleven notches, thirteen notches, seventeen notches and nineteen notches. 11, 13, 17 and 19 are the prime numbers between 10 and 20.

6. Africans cultivated crops 12,000 years ago, the first known advances in agriculture. Professor Fred Wendorf discovered that people in Egypt’s Western Desert cultivated crops of barley, capers, chick-peas, dates, legumes, lentils and wheat. Their ancient tools were also recovered. There were grindstones, milling stones, cutting blades, hide scrapers, engraving burins, and mortars and pestles.

7. Africans mummified their dead 9,000 years ago. A mummified infant was found under the Uan Muhuggiag rock shelter in south western Libya. The infant was buried in the foetal position and was mummified using a very sophisticated technique that must have taken hundreds of years to evolve. The technique predates the earliest mummies known in Ancient Egypt by at least 1,000 years. Carbon dating is controversial but the mummy may date from 7438 (±220) BC.

8. Africans carved the world’s first colossal sculpture 7,000 or more years ago. The Great Sphinx of Giza was fashioned with the head of a man combined with the body of a lion. A key and important question raised by this monument was: How old is it? In October 1991 Professor Robert Schoch, a geologist from Boston University, demonstrated that the Sphinx was sculpted between 5000 BC and 7000 BC, dates that he considered conservative.

9. On the 1 March 1979, the New York Times carried an article on its front page also page sixteen that was entitled Nubian Monarchy called Oldest. In this article we were assured that: “Evidence of the oldest recognizable monarchy in human history, preceding the rise of the earliest Egyptian kings by several generations, has been discovered in artifacts from ancient Nubia” (i.e. the territory of the northern Sudan and the southern portion of modern Egypt.)

10. The ancient Egyptians had the same type of tropically adapted skeletal proportions as modern Black Africans. A 2003 paper appeared in American Journal of Physical Anthropology by Dr Sonia Zakrzewski entitled Variation in Ancient Egyptian Stature and Body Proportions where she states that: “The raw values in Table 6 suggest that Egyptians had the ‘super-Negroid’ body plan described by Robins (1983). The values for the brachial and crural indices show that the distal segments of each limb are longer relative to the proximal segments than in many ‘African’ populations.”

11. The ancient Egyptians had Afro combs. One writer tells us that the Egyptians “manufactured a very striking range of combs in ivory: the shape of these is distinctly African and is like the combs used even today by Africans and those of African descent.”

12. The Funerary Complex in the ancient Egyptian city of Saqqara is the oldest building that tourists regularly visit today. An outer wall, now mostly in ruins, surrounded the whole structure. Through the entrance are a series of columns, the first stone-built columns known to historians. The North House also has ornamental columns built into the walls that have papyrus-like capitals. Also inside the complex is the Ceremonial Court, made of limestone blocks that have been quarried and then shaped. In the centre of the complex is the Step Pyramid, the first of 90 Egyptian pyramids.

13. The first Great Pyramid of Giza, the most extraordinary building in history, was a staggering 481 feet tall - the equivalent of a 40-storey building. It was made of 2.3 million blocks of limestone and granite, some weighing 100 tons.

14. The ancient Egyptian city of Kahun was the world’s first planned city. Rectangular and walled, the city was divided into two parts. One part housed the wealthier inhabitants – the scribes, officials and foremen. The other part housed the ordinary people. The streets of the western section in particular, were straight, laid out on a grid, and crossed each other at right angles. A stone gutter, over half a metre wide, ran down the centre of every street.

15. Egyptian mansions were discovered in Kahun - each boasting 70 rooms, divided into four sections or quarters. There was a master’s quarter, quarters for women and servants, quarters for offices and finally, quarters for granaries, each facing a central courtyard. The master’s quarters had an open court with a stone water tank for bathing. Surrounding this was a colonnade.

16 The Labyrinth in the Egyptian city of Hawara with its massive layout, multiple courtyards, chambers and halls, was the very largest building in antiquity. Boasting three thousand rooms, 1,500 of them were above ground and the other 1,500 were underground.

17. Toilets and sewerage systems existed in ancient Egypt. One of the pharaohs built a city now known as Amarna. An American urban planner noted that: “Great importance was attached to cleanliness in Amarna as in other Egyptian cities. Toilets and sewers were in use to dispose waste. Soap was made for washing the body. Perfumes and essences were popular against body odour. A solution of natron was used to keep insects from houses . . . Amarna may have been the first planned ‘garden city’.”

18. Sudan has more pyramids than any other country on earth - even more than Egypt. There are at least 223 pyramids in the Sudanese cities of Al Kurru, Nuri, Gebel Barkal and Meroë. They are generally 20 to 30 metres high and steep sided.

19. The Sudanese city of Meroë is rich in surviving monuments. Becoming the capital of the Kushite Empire between 590 BC until AD 350, there are 84 pyramids in this city alone, many built with their own miniature temple. In addition, there are ruins of a bath house sharing affinities with those of the Romans. Its central feature is a large pool approached by a flight of steps with waterspouts decorated with lion heads.

20. Bling culture has a long and interesting history. Gold was used to decorate ancient Sudanese temples. One writer reported that: “Recent excavations at Meroe and Mussawwarat es-Sufra revealed temples with walls and statues covered with gold leaf”.

21. In around 300 BC, the Sudanese invented a writing script that had twenty-three letters of which four were vowels and there was also a word divider. Hundreds of ancient texts have survived that were in this script. Some are on display in the British Museum.

22. In central Nigeria, West Africa’s oldest civilisation flourished between 1000 BC and 300 BC. Discovered in 1928, the ancient culture was called the Nok Civilisation, named after the village in which the early artefacts were discovered. Two modern scholars, declare that “[a]fter calibration, the period of Nok art spans from 1000 BC until 300 BC”. The site itself is much older going back as early as 4580 or 4290 BC.

23. West Africans built in stone by 1100 BC. In the Tichitt-Walata region of Mauritania, archaeologists have found “large stone masonry villages” that date back to 1100 BC. The villages consisted of roughly circular compounds connected by “well-defined streets”.

24. By 250 BC, the foundations of West Africa’s oldest cities were established such as Old Djenné in Mali.

25. Kumbi Saleh, the capital of Ancient Ghana, flourished from 300 to 1240 AD. Located in modern day Mauritania, archaeological excavations have revealed houses, almost habitable today, for want of renovation and several storeys high. They had underground rooms, staircases and connecting halls. Some had nine rooms. One part of the city alone is estimated to have housed 30,000 people.
26. West Africa had walled towns and cities in the pre-colonial period. Winwood Reade, an English historian visited West Africa in the nineteenth century and commented that: “There are . . . thousands of large walled cities resembling those of Europe in the Middle Ages, or of ancient Greece.”

27. Lord Lugard, an English official, estimated in 1904 that there were 170 walled towns still in existence in the whole of just the Kano province of northern Nigeria.

28. Cheques are not quite as new an invention as we were led to believe. In the tenth century, an Arab geographer, Ibn Haukal, visited a fringe region of Ancient Ghana. Writing in 951 AD, he told of a cheque for 42,000 golden dinars written to a merchant in the city of Audoghast by his partner in Sidjilmessa.

29. Ibn Haukal, writing in 951 AD, informs us that the King of Ghana was “the richest king on the face of the earth” whose pre-eminence was due to the quantity of gold nuggets that had been amassed by the himself and by his predecessors.

30. The Nigerian city of Ile-Ife was paved in 1000 AD on the orders of a female ruler with decorations that originated in Ancient America. Naturally, no-one wants to explain how this took place approximately 500 years before the time of Christopher Columbus!

31. West Africa had bling culture in 1067 AD. One source mentions that when the Emperor of Ghana gives audience to his people: “he sits in a pavilion around which stand his horses caparisoned in cloth of gold: behind him stand ten pages holding shields and gold-mounted swords: and on his right hand are the sons of the princes of his empire, splendidly clad and with gold plaited into their hair . . . The gate of the chamber is guarded by dogs of an excellent breed . . . they wear collars of gold and silver.”

32. Glass windows existed at that time. The residence of the Ghanaian Emperor in 1116 AD was: “A well-built castle, thoroughly fortified, decorated inside with sculptures and pictures, and having glass windows.”

33. The Grand Mosque in the Malian city of Djenné, described as “the largest adobe [clay] building in the world”, was first raised in 1204 AD. It was built on a square plan where each side is 56 metres in length. It has three large towers on one side, each with projecting wooden buttresses.

34. One of the great achievements of the Yoruba was their urban culture. “By the year A.D. 1300,” says a modern scholar, “the Yoruba people built numerous walled cities surrounded by farms”. The cities were Owu, Oyo, Ijebu, Ijesa, Ketu, Popo, Egba, Sabe, Dassa, Egbado, Igbomina, the sixteen Ekiti principalities, Owo and Ondo.

35. Yoruba metal art of the mediaeval period was of world class. One scholar wrote that Yoruba art “would stand comparison with anything which Ancient Egypt, Classical Greece and Rome, or Renaissance Europe had to offer.”

36. In the Malian city of Gao stands the Mausoleum of Askia the Great, a weird sixteenth century edifice that resembles a step pyramid.

37. Thousands of mediaeval tumuli have been found across West Africa. Nearly 7,000 were discovered in north-west Senegal alone spread over nearly 1,500 sites. They were probably built between 1000 and 1300 AD.

38. Excavations at the Malian city of Gao carried out by Cambridge University revealed glass windows. One of the finds was entitled: “Fragments of alabaster window surrounds and a piece of pink window glass, Gao 10th – 14th century.”

39. In 1999 the BBC produced a television series entitled Millennium. The programme devoted to the fourteenth century opens with the following disclosure: “In the fourteenth century, the century of the scythe, natural disasters threatened civilisations with extinction. The Black Death kills more people in Europe, Asia and North Africa than any catastrophe has before. Civilisations which avoid the plague thrive. In West Africa the Empire of Mali becomes the richest in the world.”

40. Malian sailors got to America in 1311 AD, 181 years before Columbus. An Egyptian scholar, Ibn Fadl Al-Umari, published on this sometime around 1342. In the tenth chapter of his book, there is an account of two large maritime voyages ordered by the predecessor of Mansa Musa, a king who inherited the Malian throne in 1312. This mariner king is not named by Al-Umari, but modern writers identify him as Mansa Abubakari II.

41. On a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 AD, a Malian ruler, Mansa Musa, brought so much money with him that his visit resulted in the collapse of gold prices in Egypt and Arabia. It took twelve years for the economies of the region to normalise.

42. West African gold mining took place on a vast scale. One modern writer said that: “It is estimated that the total amount of gold mined in West Africa up to 1500 was 3,500 tons, worth more than $****30 billion in today’s market.”

43. The old Malian capital of Niani had a 14th century building called the Hall of Audience. It was an surmounted by a dome, adorned with arabesques of striking colours. The windows of an upper floor were plated with wood and framed in silver; those of a lower floor were plated with wood, framed in gold.

44. Mali in the 14th century was highly urbanised. Sergio Domian, an Italian art and architecture scholar, wrote the following about this period: “Thus was laid the foundation of an urban civilisation. At the height of its power, Mali had at least 400 cities, and the interior of the Niger Delta was very densely populated”.

45. The Malian city of Timbuktu had a 14th century population of 115,000 - 5 times larger than mediaeval London. Mansa Musa, built the Djinguerebere Mosque in the fourteenth century. There was the University Mosque in which 25,000 students studied and the Oratory of Sidi Yayia. There were over 150 Koran schools in which 20,000 children were instructed. London, by contrast, had a total 14th century population of 20,000 people.

46. National Geographic recently described Timbuktu as the Paris of the mediaeval world, on account of its intellectual culture. According to Professor Henry Louis Gates, 25,000 university students studied there.

47. Many old West African families have private library collections that go back hundreds of years. The Mauritanian cities of Chinguetti and Oudane have a total of 3,450 hand written mediaeval books. There may be another 6,000 books still surviving in the other city of Walata. Some date back to the 8th century AD. There are 11,000 books in private collections in Niger. Finally, in Timbuktu, Mali, there are about 700,000 surviving books.

48. A collection of one thousand six hundred books was considered a small library for a West African scholar of the 16th century. Professor Ahmed Baba of Timbuktu is recorded as saying that he had the smallest library of any of his friends - he had only 1600 volumes.

49. Concerning these old manuscripts, Michael Palin, in his TV series Sahara, said the imam of Timbuktu “has a collection of scientific texts that clearly show the planets circling the sun. They date back hundreds of years . . . Its convincing evidence that the scholars of Timbuktu knew a lot more than their counterparts in Europe. In the fifteenth century in Timbuktu the mathematicians knew about the rotation of the planets, knew about the details of the eclipse, they knew things which we had to wait for 150 almost 200 years to know in Europe when Galileo and Copernicus came up with these same calculations and were given a very hard time for it.”

50. The Songhai Empire of 16th century West Africa had a government position called Minister for Etiquette and Protocol.
51. The mediaeval Nigerian city of Benin was built to “a scale comparable with the Great Wall of China”. There was a vast system of defensive walling totalling 10,000 miles in all. Even before the full extent of the city walling had become apparent the Guinness Book of Records carried an entry in the 1974 edition that described the city as: “The largest earthworks in the world carried out prior to the mechanical era.”

52. Benin art of the Middle Ages was of the highest quality. An official of the Berlin Museum für Völkerkunde once stated that: “These works from Benin are equal to the very finest examples of European casting technique. Benvenuto Cellini could not have cast them better, nor could anyone else before or after him . . . Technically, these bronzes represent the very highest possible achievement.”

53. Winwood Reade described his visit to the Ashanti Royal Palace of Kumasi in 1874: “We went to the king’s palace, which consists of many courtyards, each surrounded with alcoves and verandahs, and having two gates or doors, so that each yard was a thoroughfare . . . But the part of the palace fronting the street was a stone house, Moorish in its style . . . with a flat roof and a parapet, and suites of apartments on the first floor. It was built by Fanti masons many years ago. The rooms upstairs remind me of Wardour Street. Each was a perfect Old Curiosity Shop. Books in many languages, Bohemian glass, clocks, silver plate, old furniture, Persian rugs, Kidderminster carpets, pictures and engravings, numberless chests and coffers. A sword bearing the inscription From Queen Victoria to the King of Ashantee. A copy of the Times, 17 October 1843. With these were many specimens of Moorish and Ashanti handicraft.”

54. In the mid-nineteenth century, William Clarke, an English visitor to Nigeria, remarked that: “As good an article of cloth can be woven by the Yoruba weavers as by any people . . . in durability, their cloths far excel the prints and home-spuns of Manchester.”

55. The recently discovered 9th century Nigerian city of Eredo was found to be surrounded by a wall that was 100 miles long and seventy feet high in places. The internal area was a staggering 400 square miles.

56. On the subject of cloth, Kongolese textiles were also distinguished. Various European writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries wrote of the delicate crafts of the peoples living in eastern Kongo and adjacent regions who manufactured damasks, sarcenets, satins, taffeta, cloth of tissue and velvet. Professor DeGraft-Johnson made the curious observation that: “Their brocades, both high and low, were far more valuable than the Italian.”

57. On Kongolese metallurgy of the Middle Ages, one modern scholar wrote that: “There is no doubting . . . the existence of an expert metallurgical art in the ancient Kongo . . . The Bakongo were aware of the toxicity of lead vapours. They devised preventative and curative methods, both pharmacological (massive doses of pawpaw and palm oil) and mechanical (exerting of pressure to free the digestive tract), for combating lead poisoning.”

58. In Nigeria, the royal palace in the city of Kano dates back to the fifteenth century. Begun by Muhammad Rumfa (ruled 1463-99) it has gradually evolved over generations into a very imposing complex. A colonial report of the city from 1902, described it as “a network of buildings covering an area of 33 acres and surrounded by a wall 20 to 30 feet high outside and 15 feet inside . . . in itself no mean citadel”.

59. A sixteenth century traveller visited the central African civilisation of Kanem-Borno and commented that the emperor’s cavalry had golden “stirrups, spurs, bits and buckles.” Even the ruler’s dogs had “chains of the finest gold”.

60. One of the government positions in mediaeval Kanem-Borno was Astronomer Royal.

61. Ngazargamu, the capital city of Kanem-Borno, became one of the largest cities in the seventeenth century world. By 1658 AD, the metropolis, according to an architectural scholar housed “about quarter of a million people”. It had 660 streets. Many were wide and unbending, reflective of town planning.

62. The Nigerian city of Surame flourished in the sixteenth century. Even in ruin it was an impressive sight, built on a horizontal vertical grid. A modern scholar describes it thus: “The walls of Surame are about 10 miles in circumference and include many large bastions or walled suburbs running out at right angles to the main wall. The large compound at Kanta is still visible in the centre, with ruins of many buildings, one of which is said to have been two-storied. The striking feature of the walls and whole ruins is the extensive use of stone and tsokuwa (laterite gravel) or very hard red building mud, evidently brought from a distance. There is a big mound of this near the north gate about 8 feet in height. The walls show regular courses of masonry to a height of 20 feet and more in several places. The best preserved portion is that known as sirati (the bridge) a little north of the eastern gate . . . The main city walls here appear to have provided a very strongly guarded entrance about 30 feet wide.”

63. The Nigerian city of Kano in 1851 produced an estimated 10 million pairs of sandals and 5 million hides each year for export.

64. In 1246 AD Dunama II of Kanem-Borno exchanged embassies with Al-Mustansir, the king of Tunis. He sent the North African court a costly present, which apparently included a giraffe. An old chronicle noted that the rare animal “created a sensation in Tunis”.

65. By the third century BC the city of Carthage on the coast of Tunisia was opulent and impressive. It had a population of 700,000 and may even have approached a million. Lining both sides of three streets were rows of tall houses six storeys high.

66. The Ethiopian city of Axum has a series of 7 giant obelisks that date from perhaps 300 BC to 300 AD. They have details carved into them that represent windows and doorways of several storeys. The largest obelisk, now fallen, is in fact “the largest monolith ever made anywhere in the world”. It is 108 feet long, weighs a staggering 500 tons, and represents a thirteen-storey building.

67. Ethiopia minted its own coins over 1,500 years ago. One scholar wrote that: “Almost no other contemporary state anywhere in the world could issue in gold, a statement of sovereignty achieved only by Rome, Persia, and the Kushan kingdom in northern India at the time.”

68. The Ethiopian script of the 4th century AD influenced the writing script of Armenia. A Russian historian noted that: “Soon after its creation, the Ethiopic vocalised script began to influence the scripts of Armenia and Georgia. D. A. Olderogge suggested that Mesrop Mashtotz used the vocalised Ethiopic script when he invented the Armenian alphabet.”

69. “In the first half of the first millennium CE,” says a modern scholar, Ethiopia “was ranked as one of the world’s greatest empires”. A Persian cleric of the third century AD identified it as the third most important state in the world after Persia and Rome.

70. Ethiopia has 11 underground mediaeval churches built by being carved out of the ground. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries AD, Roha became the new capital of the Ethiopians. Conceived as a New Jerusalem by its founder, Emperor Lalibela (c.1150-1230), it contains 11 churches, all carved out of the rock of the mountains by hammer and chisel. All of the temples were carved to a depth of 11 metres or so below ground level. The largest is the House of the Redeemer, a staggering 33.7 metres long, 23.7 metres wide and 11.5 metres deep.

71. Lalibela is not the only place in Ethiopia to have such wonders. A cotemporary archaeologist reports research that was conducted in the region in the early 1970’s when: “startling numbers of churches built in caves or partially or completely cut from the living rock were revealed not only in Tigre and Lalibela but as far south as Addis Ababa. Soon at least 1,500 were known. At least as many more probably await revelation.”

72. In 1209 AD Emperor Lalibela of Ethiopia sent an embassy to Cairo bringing the sultan unusual gifts including an elephant, a hyena, a zebra, and a giraffe.

73. In Southern Africa, there are at least 600 stone built ruins in the regions of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. These ruins are called Mazimbabwe in Shona, the Bantu language of the builders, and means great revered house and “signifies court”.

74. The Great Zimbabwe was the largest of these ruins. It consists of 12 clusters of buildings, spread over 3 square miles. Its outer walls were made from 100,000 tons of granite bricks. In the fourteenth century, the city housed 18,000 people, comparable in size to that of London of the same period.

75. Bling culture existed in this region. At the time of our last visit, the Horniman Museum in London had exhibits of headrests with the caption: “Headrests have been used in Africa since the time of the Egyptian pharaohs. Remains of some headrests, once covered in gold foil, have been found in the ruins of Great Zimbabwe and burial sites like Mapungubwe dating to the twelfth century after Christ.”

76. Dr Albert Churchward, author of Signs and Symbols of Primordial Man, pointed out that writing was found in one of the stone built ruins: “Lt.-Col. E. L. de Cordes . . . who was in South Africa for three years, informed the writer that in one of the ‘Ruins’ there is a ‘stone-chamber,’ with a vast quantity of Papyri, covered with old Egyptian hieroglyphics. A Boer hunter discovered this, and a large quantity was used to light a fire with, and yet still a larger quantity remained there now.”

77. On bling culture, one seventeenth century visitor to southern African empire of Monomotapa, that ruled over this vast region, wrote that: “The people dress in various ways: at court of the Kings their grandees wear cloths of rich silk, damask, satin, gold and silk cloth; these are three widths of satin, each width four covados [2.64m], each sewn to the next, sometimes with gold lace in between, trimmed on two sides, like a carpet, with a gold and silk fringe, sewn in place with a two fingers’ wide ribbon, woven with gold roses on silk.”

78. Southern Africans mined gold on an epic scale. One modern writer tells us that: “The estimated amount of gold ore mined from the entire region by the ancients was staggering, exceeding 43 million tons. The ore yielded nearly 700 tons of pure gold which today would be valued at over $******7.5 billion.”

79. Apparently the Monomotapan royal palace at Mount Fura had chandeliers hanging from the ceiling. An eighteenth century geography book provided the following data: “The inside consists of a great variety of sumptuous apartments, spacious and lofty halls, all adorned with a magnificent cotton tapestry, the manufacture of the country. The floors, cielings [sic], beams and rafters are all either gilt or plated with gold curiously wrought, as are also the chairs of state, tables, benches &c. The candle-sticks and branches are made of ivory inlaid with gold, and hang from the cieling by chains of the same metal, or of silver gilt.”

80. Monomotapa had a social welfare system. Antonio Bocarro, a Portuguese contemporary, informs us that the Emperor: “shows great charity to the blind and maimed, for these are called the king’s poor, and have land and revenues for their subsistence, and when they wish to pass through the kingdoms, wherever they come food and drinks are given to them at the public cost as long as they remain there, and when they leave that place to go to another they are provided with what is necessary for their journey, and a guide, and some one to carry their wallet to the next village. In every place where they come there is the same obligation.”

81. Many southern Africans have indigenous and pre-colonial words for ‘gun’. Scholars have generally been reluctant to investigate or explain this fact.

82. Evidence discovered in 1978 showed that East Africans were making steel for more than 1,500 years: “Assistant Professor of Anthropology Peter Schmidt and Professor of Engineering Donald H. Avery have found as long as 2,000 years ago Africans living on the western shores of Lake Victoria had produced carbon steel in preheated forced draft furnaces, a method that was technologically more sophisticated than any developed in Europe until the mid-nineteenth century.”

83. Ruins of a 300 BC astronomical observatory was found at Namoratunga in Kenya. Africans were mapping the movements of stars such as Triangulum, Aldebaran, Bellatrix, Central Orion, etcetera, as well as the moon, in order to create a lunar calendar of 354 days.

84. Autopsies and caesarean operations were routinely and effectively carried out by surgeons in pre-colonial Uganda. The surgeons routinely used antiseptics, anaesthetics and cautery iron. Commenting on a Ugandan caesarean operation that appeared in the Edinburgh Medical Journal in 1884, one author wrote: “The whole conduct of the operation . . . suggests a skilled long-practiced surgical team at work conducting a well-tried and familiar operation with smooth efficiency.”

85. Sudan in the mediaeval period had churches, cathedrals, monasteries and castles. Their ruins still exist today.

86. The mediaeval Nubian Kingdoms kept archives. From the site of Qasr Ibrim legal texts, documents and correspondence were discovered. An archaeologist informs us that: “On the site are preserved thousands of documents in Meroitic, Latin, Greek, Coptic, Old Nubian, Arabic and Turkish.”

87. Glass windows existed in mediaeval Sudan. Archaeologists found evidence of window glass at the Sudanese cities of Old Dongola and Hambukol.

88. Bling culture existed in the mediaeval Sudan. Archaeologists found an individual buried at the Monastery of the Holy Trinity in the city of Old Dongola. He was clad in an extremely elaborate garb consisting of costly textiles of various fabrics including gold thread. At the city of Soba East, there were individuals buried in fine clothing, including items with golden thread.

89. Style and fashion existed in mediaeval Sudan. A dignitary at Jebel Adda in the late thirteenth century AD was interned with a long coat of red and yellow patterned damask folded over his body. Underneath, he wore plain cotton trousers of long and baggy cut. A pair of red leather slippers with turned up toes lay at the foot of the coffin. The body was wrapped in enormous pieces of gold brocaded striped silk.

90. Sudan in the ninth century AD had housing complexes with bath rooms and piped water. An archaeologist wrote that Old Dongola, the capital of Makuria, had: “a[n] . . . eighth to . . . ninth century housing complex. The houses discovered here differ in their hitherto unencountered spatial layout as well as their functional programme (water supply installation, bathroom with heating system) and interiors decorated with murals.”

91. In 619 AD, the Nubians sent a gift of a giraffe to the Persians.

92. The East Coast, from Somalia to Mozambique, has ruins of well over 50 towns and cities. They flourished from the ninth to the sixteenth centuries AD.

93. Chinese records of the fifteenth century AD note that Mogadishu had houses of “four or five storeys high”.

94. Gedi, near the coast of Kenya, is one of the East African ghost towns. Its ruins, dating from the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries, include the city walls, the palace, private houses, the Great Mosque, seven smaller mosques, and three pillar tombs.

95. The ruined mosque in the Kenyan city of Gedi had a water purifier made of limestone for recycling water.

96. The palace in the Kenyan city of Gedi contains evidence of piped water controlled by taps. In addition it had bathrooms and indoor toilets.

97. A visitor in 1331 AD considered the Tanzanian city of Kilwa to be of world class. He wrote that it was the “principal city on the coast the greater part of whose inhabitants are Zanj of very black complexion.” Later on he says that: “Kilwa is one of the most beautiful and well-constructed cities in the world. The whole of it is elegantly built.”

98. Bling culture existed in early Tanzania. A Portuguese chronicler of the sixteenth century wrote that: “[T]hey are finely clad in many rich garments of gold and silk and cotton, and the women as well; also with much gold and silver chains and bracelets, which they wear on their legs and arms, and many jewelled earrings in their ears”.

99. In 1961 a British archaeologist, found the ruins of Husuni Kubwa, the royal palace of the Tanzanian city of Kilwa. It had over a hundred rooms, including a reception hall, galleries, courtyards, terraces and an octagonal swimming pool.

100. In 1414 the Kenyan city of Malindi sent ambassadors to China carrying a gift that created a sensation at the Imperial Court. It was, of course, a giraffe.

Nasa Vegas Complex Luxury Hotel

Nasa Vegas Complex Luxury Hotel

Article by WN Guest Writer Tom Kidd

(BANGKOK THAILAND)- SEPTEMBER 22, 2010 - The Rapper/ artist "Ribkat" and band members are asked to leave their Hotel "Nasa Vegas Complex Luxury Hotel" in Bangkok because as they were told by the hotel manager "they had to respect the Hotel policy" which is to discriminate against blacks and Indians". The hotel staff and manager also refused to refund the amount they paid up front for their hotel rooms.

"Ribkat", a well known member of the multi-platinum selling group "Fort Minor" with Mike Shinoda from Linkin Park was told by the Hotel Manager that they did not allow blacks or Indians at their Hotel.

"Ribkat" asked them why they accepted his payment in the first place if this was part of their racist policy. Nasa Vegas advertises long term stay deals which is exactly what Ribkat was inquiring about to begin with due to several business engagements in Thailand only to be lied to by the Nasa Vegas staff stating that there were no rooms available for long term rent which in the end turned out to be a big fat lie all because Ribkat is an African American.

"Ribkat" a hip hop artist preparing for several performances in Thailand and a deal for his soon to be released album "Theory of Addicts" with Josy B. has now been publicly humiliated with the most outrageous blatant form of racism that he will now have to postpone all of his public appearances and performances to resolve this unfortunate ignorant issue.

His friends and Thailand hosts were in complete shock, one of his hosts called the hotel and asked if the hotel room was available and they confirmed with her that it was, but only to her because she was not black. Ribkats drummer who is white and his female friend who is Thai, couldn't help but notice how Ribkat was constantly singled out and always had the fingers pointing at him with the entire hotel staff uttering comments such as "The Black People are bad and Always Cause Trouble" and "The Black People Never Pay or check out of the Hotel and they're too loud and Dangerous and they sell drugs"

His Drummer and Friend were immediately shocked by such blunt stereotypical racism and felt equally offended. The entire Hotel Staff showed no respect or courtesy to the star and insisted on telling him to respect they're racist policy because its in their "Law Books to discriminate". As a result of this, the U.S embassy and police were immediately notified of the discriminating acts that were cast upon the International star and have now addressed the Thai media in efforts to resolve this incident along with compensation and a public apology. The Thailand Police department and associates expressed their sympathy and sorrow and were completely ashamed by what has just taken place.

"Ribkat" who has been received greatly and greeted by fans in the streets of Bangkok was completely surprised by all of this and does not feel that the rest of the people in Thailand hold these type of sentiments towards African Americans or any other foreigners visiting their country and extends an Olive Branch in the hopes that this was only an isolated incident from misguided individuals working in this Hotel and looks forward to completing his scheduled performances and enjoying his extended stay in Thailand in good faith simply hoping that this will be a wake up call to the entire world. "Although many of us are misguided and blinded by the plague of racism, we are all "One" and the beauty of being "One" which to many appears to be a small number, is the amazing magical variety of a beautiful color spectrum that exists amongst us all by nature, so in actuality, that "small" number of "one" contains a lot more than we all think. Colors are not only seen but they are also heard. If music was monotone or only "one color", then we would not be able to appreciate the beauty of "All" different genres of music created by Multi Cultural races of color around the world. With that being said, why don't we as "One" try "Listening" to color and feeling with our hearts for a change rather than judging a color simply by sight missing the message of beauty and all it truly contains within". "Ribkat" quotes....

Jet Ski Thailand

Jet Ski Scams in Thailand

For those visiting Thailand i strongly recommend you do not rent any Jet Skis, see video below this happens a lot and seen it myself while walking along Pattaya Beach about a year ago. But this just doesn't happen only in Pattaya so i strongly suggest you do not rent any Jet Skis in Thailand.

Windows Registry

When considering which computer files you absolutely couldn't live without, what comes to mind? The photos of your baby's first birthday? Your tax returns for the last three years? The resume you just spent hours updating? Actually, it's none of those things. It's the Windows Registry.

The Windows Registry, sometimes simply called "the Registry," has been described as the DNA for Windows. It stores much of the information and settings for software programs, hardware devices, user preferences, operating system configurations and more.

Windows and other programs continually reference the Registry so that when you make a change to almost any setting--from the wallpaper on your desktop to installing new software or hardware--that change is also recorded in the appropriate areas of the Registry. Without the Registry, Windows cannot run. It is the Registry that tells Windows which drivers to load, the settings to apply and what resources need to be allocated for everything to work properly.

While editing the Registry is not recommended except for expert users -- modifying it incorrectly can cause your operating system to malfunction -- knowing how to restore the Registry is essential for all users because viruses, spyware and malware can corrupt and damage it.

Creating a System Restore snapshot is one way to backup the Windows Registry so you can return your computer to a previous snapshot without losing recent personal information, such as documents, history lists, favorites or e-mail. Do note that System Restore takes multiple snapshots or backups of the Windows Registry by default at least every 24 calendar days, but you may want to do it more frequently. Why? If a failure occurs, you can boot into restore mode and select which "backup" from which to restore. Manually running System Restore once a week or before installing new software is ideal.

How to restore the Windows XP Registry:
1. Click Start, then Run, then type "%SystemRoot%\system32\restore\rstrui.exe" in the pop-up box. Click OK.
2. On the Welcome to System Restore page, click "Create a restore point" and then click Next.
3. On the Create a Restore Point page, type a name for the restore point and then click Create.
4. After the restore point has been created, click Close.
NOTE: If System Restore is turned off, you'll receive a message that asks whether you want to turn on System Restore now. Click Yes. In the System Properties dialog box, click to clear the Turn Off System Restore check box, click OK.

How to restore the Windows 7.0 Registry:
1. Click Start. Type "systempropertiesprotection" in the Start Search box, and then press Enter.
NOTE: Administrator permission is required. If you're prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation or click Allow.
2. On the System Protection tab, click Create to create a restore point.
3. Type a name for the restore point and then click Create.
4. After the restore point has been created successfully, click Close and then click OK.
NOTE: If System Restore is turned off, click to select the local disk, click Apply and then click Create.

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Layover at LAX

Stuck on a layover at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in California? A major hub airport in California, Los Angeles’ LAX airport is the sixth busiest airport in the world. The airport is located in the southwestern part of the city, roughly 16 miles from downtown which makes many destinations accessible for those stuck on long layovers. If you’re trying to determine whether you can leave the airport during your layover look below for some ideas:

Tourist Attractions/Layovers
Shopping areas are located within a few miles/kilometers of LAX in the Westchester community, and several beach areas (including Venice Beach, Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach and Redondo Beach) are located approximately 5 to 7 miles (8 to 11 kilometers) south of the airport. Also, Dockweiler Beach is adjacent to LAX. If you want to visit one of these sites, you will need to use a taxi or other form of ground transportation.

Depending on the length of your layover, you also may want to visit the Los Angeles Convention & Visitors Bureau website (, which provides extensive information on things to do in various parts of Los Angeles.

When making plans during a layover, however, please remember that traffic is sometimes congested around the airport. In Los Angeles, typical time of travel is a more important factor than actual distance between LAX and the place you are visiting. It is important to allow sufficient time to get back to LAX in time for your flight. Please ask an airline agent when the ticket counter recommends your return.

Top Recommended Layover Activities:

1. Balboa Beach
400 Main St, Newport Beach, CA 92660 • 949-673-5245
One of Orange County's most popular beaches. Its historic pavilion has been a tourist attraction for scores of families over the years. Covered by a cupola and famous for its steep gables, the pier dates from the early 20th century and has worn many hats in its time: terminal point for the Pacific Electric Red Car, venue for Big Band acts in the 20s and 30s (ever heard of the "Balboa Hop"?), bathhouse for vacationing well-to-dos from L.A., and departure point for whale-watching and sightseeing cruises. Meanwhile, Balboa Fun Zone (circa 1936) is a classic beachside amusement park that boasts its original Ferris wheel and merry-go-round.

2. Crystal Cathedral
121414 Lewis St, Garden Grove
, CA 92840 • 714-971-4013
Designed in the shape of a four-pointed star, Garden Grove's Crystal Cathedral is a sight to behold. This impressive structure is comprised of more than 10,000 panes of glass. The congregation, more than 10,000 members, enjoys visits by scores of tourists each Sunday (services are at 9:30am an 11am) as well as guest-speakers ranging from the Lakers' Derek Fisher to Arnold Schwarzenegger. The Crystal Cathedral because provides the backdrop for Reverend Robert A. Schuller's popular "Hour of Power" weekly television broadcast.

3. Edison International Field of Anaheim
2000 Gene Autry Way, Anaheim, CA 92806 • 714-634-2000
Baseball greats like Rod Carew and Reggie Jackson once trod this field and wowed fans with their heroics, paving the way for the modern generation of Angels. Until 1995, the NFL Rams shared the stadium, but after they moved to St. Louis, the Angels became the sole resident. A massive renovation project gave the entire structure a much-needed facelift, adding terraced bullpens, the Nestle Family Zone, the interactive Pepsi Perfect Game Pavilion, a handful of restaurants, and the KnotHole Club sports bar. Contact the ticket office for game times and ticket prices.

4. Orange County Marine Institute
24200 Dana Point Harbor Dr, Dana Point, CA 92629-2723 • 949-248-0503
Hop on the "Pilgrim" and prepare to be amazed by the diversity of California's marine life! For a small fee, you can learn about life aboard a 19th century sailing vessel, explore a real tidal pool, and take part in the marine lab's open house. If you want to experience something a little wilder, then make arrangements to take one of their cruises, which range from the Bioluminescence Night Cruise to the Marine Wildlife Cruise. Snorkeling excursions to Catalina or San Clemente are also available.

5. Orange County Zoo
1 Irvine Park Rd, Irvine Regional Park, Irvine, CA 92862 • 714-633-8072
Once home to the dearly departed Samson the Bear, the Orange County Zoo is a terrific place to spend the afternoon with the family. On the one hand it's inexpensive, and on the other it's a terrific place to get up close and personal - at a safe distance, of course! - with some of California's famous wildlife, from harbor seals and North American beavers to mountain lions and black bears.

Top Weekend Getaways And Day Trip Excursions:

1. Disneyland
1313 S Harbor Blvd, Anaheim, CA 92802-2309 • 714-781-4565
The happiest place on Earth! This world-renowned theme park features great rides, games, and thrilling shows. With eight individually themed “lands,” this park offers plenty of fun for the entire family. Walt Disney’s favorite was Fantasyland, but you may prefer the futuristic adventure of Tomorrowland, the outdoorsy fun of Critter Country, or the zany shenanigans at Mickey’s Toontown. Rides, shows, shops and restaurants are located in each section of the park. You could easily spend several days here without doing the same thing twice, but even if you’ve only got one day, don’t miss Disney!

2. Downtown Disney
1510 S Disneyland Dr, Anaheim, CA 92802-2319
Downtown Disney provides a fun, adult-friendly alternative to mouse ears and high-octane rides with its bustling nightlife and restaurant scenes. Spanning more than 20 acres, this area in between the Disney resort hotels and the theme park gates bustles daily and nightly. Guests browse through its myriad shops, stop off for cocktails, brews, or tunes at ESPN Zone and the House of Blues, dine at unique restaurants, and dance the night away at trendy discos. Those wanting to "take it easy" should check into catching a flick at the 12-screen AMC movie theater.

3. Disney's California Adventure
1313 S Harbor Blvd, Anaheim, CA 92802-2309 • 714-781-4565
Disney’s California Adventure celebrates the Golden State, with themed attractions like a replica of the Golden Gate Bridge, a Hollywood Pictures Backlot, and Paradise Pier, which celebrates the state's old oceanfront amusement parks. Children love “A Bug’s Life” themed rides and shows, like Heimlich’s Chew Chew Train, and on a hot day, Princess Dot Puddle Park can’t be beat. This place isn't just for the kids, though. In addition to the expected pizza, burger, and hot dog stands, there is a winery and several adult-oriented restaurants, plus rides and other attractions just for grown ups.

4. Knott's Berry Farm
8039 Beach Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90001 • 714-220-5200
Billed as America's first theme park, Knott's has 150-acres of thrill rides, live entertainment, historic exhibits, and world-class dining that are divided into six themed areas. One favorite is Ghost Town, an 1880s Western boom town with cowboys, gun fights, stagecoaches and gold panning. Boardwalk resembles a coastal amusement park of the 1920s. Wild Water Wilderness and Camp Snoopy are children's top picks. You'll also want to see the full-size replica of Independence Hall or hear a major performer at the Good Time Theatre.

5. Universal Studios
100 Universal City Plaza, Universal City, CA 91608 • 818- 622-3036
This world-renowned theme park features exciting attractions representing popular movies and television shows. The park houses thrill rides, great attractions and terrific live shows year-round. Attractions include a replica of the famous "Psycho" house, "Jaws" adventure ride and "King Kong" adventure. Located off the 101 Hollywood Freeway.

6. If you prefer to just stay at the airport check out relaxloungelax they have PCs and wireless comfy chairs and snacks check out website for more info ( There located in Terminal 3 on the departures level)

7. There's an In-N-Out Burger just around the corner from the airport, and theres a free shuttle that can take you there and back.

An In-N-Out is located on nearby Sepulveda Boulevard right next to the Parking Spot--a parking structure that conveniently provides free shuttle service. All you have to do is wait under the red "Hotel and Courtesy Shuttle" sign outside of any airport terminal, and when the yellow and black polka-dotted Parking Spot shuttle swings by, jump on board. It will take you literally next door to In-N-Out. Follow your nose through the back door, across the parking lot, and right inside where you need to order a double-double and fries to enjoy the best layover of your life.

There are a few things to be very careful about.

First off, you need to make sure that you get on the Sepulveda Parking Spot shuttle; otherwise you will end up at the Parking Spot's Century location. Additionally, you should allow yourself at least two hours to be extra safe. The shuttles come pretty regularly and the drive is only five to ten minutes, but the line at In-N-Out can be as long as 20-30 minutes during peak hours. And then you've got to get back to the airport and through security once again. So you you got the layover time check them out if you tried them already then you can relate.

Pics of the burgers @

Here is a video someone made up of directions to IN-N-OUT at LAX, a must see for newbies at LAX.

Virus and Malware in Bidvertiser ads

Virus and Malware in Bidvertiser ads

Several days ago my website starting having a Malware and Virus . The reason Google told me : script of Bidvertiser contain virus and malware . I removed all ads of Bidvertiser in my site . And now ,my site works well . So, beware of Bidvertiser Ads. I tried contacting Bidverstiser and have not received any contact from them so I‘m posting it here, Do not use Bidvertiser you risk affecting your daily Traffic/Money and possible site banned by Google
Below is from my Google Help…

“Members of the Bidvertiser publisher network, a Google AdSense alternative have been seeing their sites flagged as dangerous to users’ computer. These webmasters are finding their legitimate websites serving users "Reported Attack Site" warnings instead of their actual websites.”

One of the Malware pages in question i seen was and

Firefox 3.6 pages will not load

Firefox 4.0 beta users: install Firebug 1.7
Firebug integrates with Firefox to put a wealth of development tools at your fingertips while you browse. You can edit, debug, and monitor CSS, HTML, and JavaScript live in any web page.

Visit the Firebug website for documentation, screen shots, and discussion forums:

Firebug for older and for beta versions of Firefox is available from

Release Notes
Version 1.6.0 November 29, 2010 1,158 KB

Add to Firefox
Works with:

* Firefox 3.6 - 3.6.*

Firefox has detected that the server is redirecting the request for this address in a way that will never

* This problem can sometimes be caused by disabling or refusing to accept

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Remove Internet Security 2010 Virus

How To Uninstall / Remove Internet Security 2010 Virus

Good read here, fixed a friends PC with this spyware problem so you might want to bookmark it:

Internet Security 2010 is yet another rogue anti-spyware that surfaced online. The Internet Security 2010 rogue is also a bit of a virus, if you follow the standard definition. But the thing you need to know is that Internet Security 2010 will try to trick you into believing that your computer has serious security problems so that you buy the program. If you detect any of the symptoms we will talk about further, you should remove Internet Security 2010 as instructed below.

Before we skip ahead to removing the Internet Security 2010 virus, let’s talk a little about what Internet Security 2010 does in and with your computer. First of all, Internet Security 2010 gets installed on your computer via malware and will be immediately set to start each time Windows loads. Along with the program, a number of Trojans will also get on your computer.

After you computer got infected with the Internet Security 2010 virus (or series of Trojans), the next time Windows loads, you will get an error message stating that “Worm.Win32.NetSky” was detected on your computer. This is a fake message and you should not pay any attention to it, it will go away once you remove Internet Security 2010 from your computer. Then the Internet Security 2010 rogue will start and perform a fake scan of your computer. The scan report will list a number of infections but when you try to remove them, you’ll “conveniently” find out that you need to buy Internet Security first. Do not buy Internet Security 2010. If it got on your computer, you should use the instructions below to remove it from your computer.

The thing that makes Internet Security 2010 one of the worst of its kind is that one Trojan that comes with it blocks out certain applications. When this happens, you will get a “File is infected” warning and a recommendation to activate your antivirus software (by that, the warning means that you should buy Internet Security 2010. Don’t do that… just remove it using the removal guide below). Another Trojan that comes with Internet Security 2010 will instruct you to purchase a codec, called VSCoded Pro. This also a fake warning (and a scam) that will go away once you remove Internet Security 2010 from your computer.

With the risk of becoming annoying, we will tell you again not to buy Internet Security 2010. If you did purchase it however, you should contact your credit card company as soon as possible.

Ok, now that we’ve told you what this virus and the Trojans that come with it do, it’s time to remove Internet Security 2010 from your computer. Before that, you should know that following closely each step is crucial. In addition, because you will be asked to close all applications and windows, it’s a good idea to print out the removal guide first.

Step 1: Go here and download Malwarebytes’ Anti-Malware for free. Save the file to your desktop. If Internet Security 2010 does not allow you to download anything, you should download the setup on another computer and use an USB stick or a CD/DVD to transfer the files needed. Remember to place the setup file on the desktop.

Step 2: Click here to download the file. Once the download is complete, run it. The file will make sure the Internet Security 2010 will be closed for good so it does not interfere with the removal process.

Step 3: Close all open applications and windows. You now should be on the desktop.

Step 4: Run the Malwarebytes’ Anti-Malware setup from the desktop.

Step 5: Go with the default settings during the install. CRUCIAL: Make sure you tell the software to automatically update itself (there’s a box you need to check during the install to make that happen). In addition, make sure you tell MBAM to automatically launch itself once the install and update processes are complete.

Step 6: When Malwarebytes’ Anti-Malware loads, go to the Scanner screen, select “Perform Quick Scan” and then click the “Scan” button.

Step 7: When the scan is complete, press the Show Results button under the main “Scanner” tab.

Step 8: Check all the detected infections (so you remove both Internet Security 2010 and all related Trojans, as well as any other malware detected).

Step 9: When the removal process is complete, a log of the scan will be displayed in a Notepad window. You now have successfully removed Internet Security 2010, all related Trojans and any other infections detected by Malwarebytes’ Anti-Malware.

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